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Umlando we-tour de france - ukuthola izixazululo

Uyini umlando weTour de France?

Isungulwe ngo-1903 nguHenri Desgrange (1865-1940), umgibeli wamabhayisikili waseFrance nentatheli, lo mjaho ubuqhutshwa minyaka yonke ngaphandle kwaMpi Yezwe. Iphephandaba iDesgrange, i-L'Auto (manje eyi-L'Equipe), laxhasa i-Ukuvakashaukukhulisa ukusakazwa.



ITour de France umjaho wamabhayisikili waminyaka yonke oba minyaka yonke owenzeka ikakhulukazi eFrance futhi ngezikhathi ezithile udlule emazweni aseduze. Ibanjwe ngaphezu kwamasonto amathathu ngoJulayi, isivivinyo esibuhlungu sokubekezela komuntu okungaba cishe ama-3 500km ngaphezu kwezigaba ezingama-21 nezitayela ezahlukahlukene zomhlaba, ukubeka lokho ngombono, lelo cishe liyibanga elisuka eLondon liye eTel Aviv, eNew York liye eLas Vegas, noma EMelbourne, Australia kuya ePerthUmlando womjaho uhlehlela emuva ku-1903 lapho uGéo Lefèvre, intatheli eneminyaka engu-26 ubudala yokuhamba ngamabhayisikili wephephandaba lezemidlalo elibambezelekayo i-L'Autos, ethula umqondo womjaho wamabhayisikili kumhleli wakhe uHenri Desgrange ukukhuthaza iphephandaba kanye kwegazi ukwandisa. UHenri uwuthande lowo mqondo futhi umjaho wokuvula ububanjwe izinsuku ezingaphezu kwezingu-19, kusukela ngoJulayi 1 kuya ku-19 umjaho waheha ababambiqhaza abangama-60, ngamunye abelana ngemali yomklomelo wama-franc angama-20 000. Abangu-6,075 babo baya kumnqobi wokuqala wokuvakasha, uMaurice Garin.

kukhona okusanhlamvu okunempilo

UGarin ufike eParis cishe emahoreni amathathu ngemuva komgijimi wesibili uLucien Pothier. Futhi cishe amahora angama-65 ngaphambi komhlanganyeli wama-21 nowokugcina ekugcineni. Bangu-21 kuphela kwabashayeli abangama-60 abaqede umjaho wokuvula.

Isimo esibuhlungu salolu hambo sabonwa kusenesikhathi. Ngandlela thile, umjaho ubukhathaza kakhulu kunenguqulo yesimanje. Ababambe iqhaza bahamba ngezinyawo emigwaqweni ewubhuqu yaseFrance imini nobusuku, ngamabhayisikili agqokisiwe.



Uhambo lokuqala lwaluvulekele noma ngubani owayefuna ukubamba iqhaza. Iningi labagibeli belihlelwe ngamaqembu ezinhlobo ezifanele zebhayisikili ukuzinakekela. Abahlanganyeli abazimele babizwa nge-'Touriste Routiers '- izivakashi zomgwaqo.

Futhi bavunyelwe ukubamba iqhaza, inqobo nje uma bengafuni zinsizakalo zabahleli. Abanye babalingiswa balezi zivakashi ababemibalabala kunabo bonke kwakunguTouriste Routiers; yayingekho indawo yabantu eTours ngemuva kweminyaka yama-1930, kanti iTouriste Routiers yasekuqaleni yanyamalala kakhulu, yize amanye amukelwa emaqenjini ezifunda ngamabhayisikili asungulwa nguHenri Desgrange 2nd tour ngo-1904, ukugibela nakho kwashiywa lapho kukopela ngokungaphezi futhi amajaji akwazi hhayi ukubona abagibeli. Lokhu kwehlise lonke ibanga lansuku zonke, kepha ukugxila kwahlala ekukhuthazeleni.

UDesgrange uthe umjaho wakhe omuhle uzoba nzima kangangokuba umshayeli oyedwa kuphela ozofika eParis. Isimo esidingekayo salo mjaho sithathe imicabango yomphakathi futhi lo mjaho ubulokhu ubanjwa minyaka yonke selokhu wawushicilela okokuqala ngo-1903, ngaphandle kwalapho wawusunqanyuliwe kwiMpi Yezwe 2. Ngesikhathi uhambo luthola udumo nokuthandwa, umjaho wanwetshwa kwaqala nohlu lwawo ukunweba emhlabeni wonke njengoba abagibeli bengena umjaho minyaka yonke.



Namuhla lolu hambo ngumcimbi we-UCI World Tour, okusho ukuthi amaqembu abamba iqhaza kulo mjaho ikakhulukazi angamaqembu ochwepheshe e-UCI ngaphandle kwamaqembu abamenywa ngabahleli. Izinhlobo zesimanje zeTour de France zinezingxenye noma izigaba zezinsuku ezingama-21 ezibanjwe esikhathini esiyizinsuku ezingama-23. Ngenkathi umzila weTour de France yesimanje uguquka minyaka yonke, ubude bomjaho buhlala bunjalo, ngokugcina umnqobi kube umgibeli wamabhayisikili onesikhathi esiphansi kakhulu esinqwabelene ezinhlotsheni ezi-3 ezihlukene zezigaba zesiteji.

Lokhu kufaka izilingo zesikhathi. Lapho umgibeli webhayisikili encintisana khona ngokuhlukile newashi ngebhayisikili lokusebenzisa umoya nomshini. Izigaba Flat: Ngokuvamile izingxenye ngejubane eliphezulu ngokusebenzisa emaphandleni French.

Futhi izigaba zezintaba: ezihlanganisa iPyrenees ne-Alps futhi zakha ingxenye enzima kakhulu yalolu hambo. Zonke izigaba zikalwa kuze kube sekugcineni. Izikhathi ezibhekiswe kubashayeli zengezwa ezikhathini zabo zesigaba sangaphambilini.



Umshayeli onesikhathi esiphansi kunazo zonke ungumholi womjaho futhi uvunyelwe ukugqoka ijezi eliphuzi elifiselekayo. Kodwa-ke, umnikazi wejezi eliphuzi angashintsha phakathi nomjaho kuya ngokuthi ngubani oholayo ekugcineni kwesigaba ngasinye. Owinile ekugcineni ngumshayeli ozonikezwa ijezi eliphuzi ekupheleni kwesigaba sokugcina somjaho ebesibanjwa minyaka yonke eChamps-Élysées eParis kusukela ngo-1975.

Kungani ijezi eliphuzi? “Yebo, eyokuqala ye-L'Auto yashicilelwa emaphepheni agqamile aphuzi, inikela ngendlela yokuqhakambisa iphephandaba ezinsukwini zokuqala zomjaho. Kodwa ijezi eliphuzi, elaziwa nangokuthi 'Maillot Jaune', akulona lodwa ijezi kulo mjaho. Yize iheha ukunakwa kakhulu njengoba inikezwa owinile jikelele.

Kukhona okunye ukuhlukaniswa noma imincintiswano ngaphakathi kohambo .ninginamajezi abo ahlukile. Ijezi eliluhlaza noma i-'Maillot Vert 'limele abagijimi abahamba phambili kunabo bonke.

amabhayisikili aphezulu 2020

Ijezi le-polka dot likhomba umgibeli ohamba phambili kulo mjaho. Ijezi elimhlophe likhomba abaphezulu ababekwe ohlwini lwabadlali abaneminyaka engama-25 noma abancane. Ngaphandle kwala majezi ahlukile, abagibeli eqenjini ngalinye lamadoda angama-21 kumele bagqoke ijezi elifanayo.

Ijezi leqembu ngalinye linezimpawu zabaxhasi abakhokhela amaholo abashayeli. Abanye abashayeli babengamajezi akhethekile. Isibonelo, umpetha womhlaba obusayo ufaka imibala yeqembu lakhe, kepha egqoke ijezi lomphakathi elinomugqa onemibala oqondile.

Ompetha bomgwaqo bakazwelonke njengamanje bagqoka amajezi eqembu ngemibala yamazwe abo. Ngokubambisana, bonke laba bagibeli abanamajezi abo ahlukene bakha i-kaleidoscope yemibala ehambayo emasondweni abizwa nge- 'peloton'. Futhi kungumfanekiso we-peloton edabula indawo ebukekayo yaseFrance nezindawo zezintaba ezenza iTour de France ibe ngomunye wemibukiso yezemidlalo enhle kakhulu emhlabeni.

Kepha i-peloton ayiyona nje yokubukeka okuhle futhi isebenza ngenjongo ebaluleke kakhulu yokonga amandla omgibeli. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi i-peloton inciphisa ushintsho lomumo ukuze iguqule ukwakheka ukuze kubhekane nemisila yomsila, izivunguvungu zomoya, futhi ibhekane nokuphambana nokuvunguza komoya. Isu elaziwa ngokuthi ukuhlela.

Ukuhamba phakathi kweqembu elithuthuke kahle noma umgibeli wamabhayisikili we-peloton kungonga amandla afinyelela kumaphesenti angama-40. Kepha iTour ayinakunqotshwa ngokugqoka i-France noma ukugqoka elinye lamajezi anemibala ngokuhaha ngokumane ugibele ku-peloton. Ngesinye isikhathi abashayeli kufanele beqe iphakethe uma befuna ukukhuphula izinga labo kulo mjaho.

Lapho iqembu lihlukana, isu lokuklama liyashintsha, okuholela kulokho okwaziwa njengolayini ohamba phambili kabili. Yilapho iqhinga leqembu lingaqala khona ukusebenza. Isibonelo, uma abathengisa ngaphandle benziwa ngabagibeli iningi labo elenziwe iqembu elilodwa noma abagibeli beqembu abahlukile abangashayi ndawonye izinsongo komunye nomunye, bangasebenza ngokubambisana ngempumelelo ukuziqhelelanisa ne-peloton nalabo abaphikisana nabo.

Kodwa-ke, uma abathengisa ngaphandle bequkethe umgibeli eqenjini eliphikisanayo noma usongo ekumeni konke, abagibeli bangasebenzela ukubanciphisa, ukubacindezela noma ukubaphazamisa. Eqinisweni, iTour de France ingumcimbi ngamunye ngomqondo wokuthi wonke umuntu ucindezela amaphedali akhe ukubhekana nomzila. Ukunqoba komgibeli ngamunye, okungenani ngezinga elithile, kungumphumela wozakwabo abangazinikeli.Kuyivelakancane ukuthi umgibeli webhayisikili anqobe isiteji ngaphandle kokwazisa ozakwabo abamenze wakwazi ukugibela anqobe embongolweni, okwenza umholi wawo akwazi ukuchuma noma, kwesinye isikhathi, ukumane uphile.

Lokhu kungasho ukukhipha amanzi nempahla emotweni yeqembu futhi ukuhambise nxazonke. Noma ukudala i-slipstream ngokuchitha isikhathi esiningi ekhanda le-peloton kungasho ngisho nokujika ujikeleze intaba ukuze uthole uzakwabo okhubazekile ambuyisele empini. Futhi kungaholela ekuqhekekeni okuthiwa.

Ukuqhekeka, noma ukushaya udonga, yilokho okwenzekayo lapho umshayeli esekhathele ngokuphelele futhi engasenawo amandla okuqhubeka. Uma umshayeli ephahlazeka angawa kakhulu enkundleni, alahlekelwe yisikhathi esibalulekile futhi kokunye aphume ngokuphelele emjahweni. Imihlahlandlela eminingi yeTour de France ilahlekelwe yimiphumela yokuvakasha ngokumangazayo, ikakhulukazi ngoba iqhume ezigabeni zezintaba.

Empeleni, izikhathi ezivusa amadlingozi emjahweni imvamisa lapho abashayeli ababili belwela ukuhola okuphelele ohambweni, bekhuphuka izigaba zezintaba, bevivinya ngokwengqondo nangokomzimba bese bezama ukuphoqa omunye ukuba aqhekeze. Ngakho-ke ngaphandle kokusho ukuthi kufanele uyilungele ngokweqile iTour de France. Ochwepheshe abaningi bayilinganisela njengonzima kunayo yonke imicimbi emikhulu yezemidlalo futhi ababambiqhaza bashisa amakhalori afinyelela ku-7,000 esigabeni ngasinye.

Khumbula, umuntu ojwayelekile ushisa ama-calories ayi-2000 ngosuku. Ukushaya kwenhliziyo kungafinyelela imikhawulo eyingozi ngisho nasekukhuphukeni Kwakukholelwa ukuthi inhliziyo yomnqobi weTour de France uMiguel Indurain yayinkulu ngama-50% kunesilinganiso futhi wayenenhliziyo yokuphumula engu-28. Umuntu ojwayelekile uneminyaka engama-60 kuya kwengu-90.

Ekupheleni kwezigaba zomjaho, ezingathatha amahora amane kuya kwayisithupha, abagibeli bamabhayisikili kufanele banqobe ukukhathala okukhulu kwengqondo nokungokomzimba ukugcina isivinini esingeqile ku-60 km / h kumakhilomitha wokugcina ayisi-5 kuya kwayi-10 omjaho. Sheshisa ukusheshisa kuka-75 kuya ku-80 km / h entanjeni. Kepha ngaphandle kokuba ngumsubathi ophambili futhi kufanele ubhekane nezinselelo zomzimba nezengqondo zomjaho.

amabhayisikili abagibeli abafushane

Neqembu elihle ngemuva kwakho. Udinga nenhlanhla futhi Ukuba nezinzwa zama-stealas, kunezingozi eziningi ezingaguqula iphupho lomgibeli lokuwina iTour libe yiphupho elibi. Isibonelo, ngaphandle kwabanye abashayeli abayi-198 emjahweni, ngubani ongaholela ekuqongeleleni okukhulu.

Cishe kunezimoto eziningi ezakha isitimela eside sabasebenzi abasizayo, abagqugquzeli bomjaho kanye nabezindaba. Ingasaphathwa eyehla intaba, lapho abagibeli bangafika cishe ku-80 km / h, lapho ukushelela okuncane noma iphutha kungaholela ekuweni okuyingozi. Bese kuba nezibukeli eziyizigidi eziyi-12 kuya kweziyi-15 ezihamba emigwaqweni yeTour de France ukuze zibe nomdlandla kakhulu kwesinye isikhathi.

Isimo sezulu ekugcineni sesifikile. Imvula, isichotho, ngisho neqhwa ezintabeni kungasho usuku olubi olungaholela ekuweni noma emakhazeni angonakalisa amathuba akho, nelanga lingaholela ekuphelelweni amanzi emzimbeni nokukhathala okungapheli. Ngakho-ke ungabona ukuthi iTour De France inokuningi okuzuzelayo.

Kepha konke lokhu kwenza kube nemicimbi yezemidlalo emangalisayo futhi ekhumbulekayo nobuso beplanethi.

Kungani iTour de France ibaluleke kangaka?

I-I-Tour de Francekuyintookuphawulekayonjengomcimbi wamasiko kuEFrancefuthi ibuyela emuva isikhathi eside ngaphambi kwamabhayisikili. Ekuqaleni kungalandelwa emuva kubasafundi abasebancane abafundela ukuhambahambaEFranceukusebenza namakhosi anekhono emkhakheni wabo ukuze bafunde ubuciko babo. Lokhu bekuyinqubo eyaziwa ngokuthi yi 'I-Tour de France. '

Iqale nini iTour de France?

Julayi 1, 1903

Kalula nje, iTour de France ingumcimbi omkhulu wamabhayisikili wesizini, owenziwa ngokwesiko ngoJulayi. Ku-Tour, abagibeli abahamba phambili emhlabeni bancintisana ngezigaba ezingama-21 ezinqamula eFrance ngenani eliphakeme kakhulu lokuhamba ngebhayisikili Ijezi eliphuzi manje, uma ungakaze ubone imijaho yamabhayisikili ngaphambi kweTour, kungadida impela amasonto amathathu okugijima nsuku zonke abawinile abehlukene kanye nabanemibala ehlukahlukene amaJersey kunzima ukulandela umkhondo, ngakho-ke sizoyiphula kulo mhlahlandlela wabaqalayo weTour de Frost Luyini uhambo? ITour de France ingenye yezinkambo ezintathu zebhayisikili ezinkulu futhi ingabe kunjalo? umjaho omkhulu ohlonishwayo kukhalenda akukho mibuzo njengoba ophumelele i-tour de france iqukethe izigaba ezingama-21 ezisatshalaliswe ngaphezu kwamasonto amathathu manje isigaba ngasinye sinqunyelwe isikhathi, umholi womjaho kanye nomnqobi ophelele ekugcineni kunqunywa ukuthi isikhathi esiphelele sokukhululwa manje kubhekiswe kuso ukungezelela esigabeni esiphelele njengokuhlelwa okuphelele noma ukuhlukaniswa okujwayelekile kwama-gcas, okubhekiselwa kuwo ngokuvamile, ukuba ngowokuqala ukweqa umugqa wokugcina esiteji ngasinye kuthweswa umqhele wesigaba Uhambo luvame ukufaka izinsuku zokuphumula ezimbili ngaphandle komjaho, noma ngabe abagibeli bayaphuma bayokwenza ithanga ukugcina imilenze yabo inyakaza, kepha bathatha lezi zinsuku ukuze baqinisekise ukuthi abagibeli bayalulama ukuze bakwazi ukugibela kanzima ngangokunokwenzeka ezinsukwini ezizayo ukwenza umjaho ube mnandi ngangokunokwenzeka manje Uhambo belulokhu luqhubeka kusukela ngo-1903 ngokuqala kuphela kwempi yezwe yokuqala neyesibili ezweni elingumakhelwane njengeBelgium, iNetherlands, iGreat Britain nezinye izindawo, manje izigaba zokuqala zomjaho imvamisa ebanjelwa kuleli zwe, kepha bese beya eFrance lapho beqala khona ukwaziwa ngokuthi iGrand Departall, okwenza izigaba zeTour de France zibe ngesinye sezigaba ezinhlanu ezihlukene zehle izigaba zokuqala izigaba lezi zigaba zivame ukuba nokuthambekela okuncane futhi zisetshenziselwe ukuhamba umjaho ophakathi kwezintaba ezinqamula emaphandleni aseFrance, manje sebewine ochwepheshe esibabiza ngokuthi ama-sprinters, abanejubane elingaphezu kwamakhilomitha angama-70 ngehora uma ugijimela entanjeni endaweni esheshayo, lapho-ke izigaba zezintaba manje izigaba zezintaba zohambo zingumcimbi omkhulu nengxenye yomjaho wonke umuntu afuna ukuba yingxenye yezibukeli nabagijimi lezi zigaba zisatshalaliswa phakathi kwezintaba zaseFrance namaphayoni futhi lezi zigaba zitholakala emasontweni amathathu ezinkulungwaneni zamamitha akhuphukayo ungaphela entabeni enkulu njengendawo yokuya esiqongweni noma kwesinye isikhathi ngemuva kokwehla okukhulu ukukhuphuka ngemuva kokukhuphuka umqansa omkhulu lezi zigaba zihlala zijabulisa kakhulu ing futhi ziyizici ezinkulu ezinqumayo esivivinyweni sesikhathi esijwayelekile uma ufuna ukunqoba uhambo lwaseFrance kufanele ube yisivivinyo sesikhathi esihle Lokho kusho ukungahambisani nesikhathi, ngoba ngumzamo womuntu ngamunye esigabeni sesikhathi lapho wonke umshayeli ngezikhawu ezimfushane zomzuzu owodwa emva komunye, abashayeli bavame ukusebenzisa amabhayisikili akhethekile we-aerodynamic nemishini ukuze bakwazi ukugibela ngokushesha okukhulu ngejubane labo Izilingo zesikhathi zingenzeka kunoma iyiphi indawo, kusuka kumathrekhi amakhulu kakhulu kuya ezindaweni ezinamagquma futhi ngisho nokukhuphuka kwezintaba okumsulwa kunikeza ithuba elihle lokuma okuphelele kokutshala isikhathi esiningi ezimbangini. Izilingo zesikhathi seqembu zibanjwa ngefomethi efanayo neyezivivinyo zesikhathi ngasinye en kodwa ziqhutshwa yithimba lonke manje iqembu ngalinye liphuma futhi lishayele ukwakheka okuyisisekelo cabanga izinyoni ezihamba ngale ndlela enkulu ye-V lokhu kusiza ukuphula umoya nokugcina ijubane kushesha kakhulu ngokushesha okukhulu njengezisebenzi entanjeni ngangokunokwenzeka.

Manje iqembu lonke liqala ndawonye futhi isikhathi sokugcina esinikezwayo umgibeli wesihlanu ukweqa umugqa wokuqeda, kepha imvamisa baqala ngabagibeli abayisishiyagalombili. Ngakho-ke lapho benabashayeli abayisishiyagalombili kususwe abathathu lokho kunguhlanu, ngakho-ke bavamise ukuba nabashayeli abathathu abenza okusemandleni abo. Besijwayele ukujika uCalla futhi sishe kahle, bazojula kakhulu uma bengase bashiye umugqa wokuqeda, ukuze badedele iqembu lonke liqhubeke ngaphandle kwabo, laba bagibeli bavame ukugoqa ngejubane labo, imvamisa njengomhlatshelo womholi weqembu labo, manje isivivinyo sesikhathi seqembu sibukeka kahle njengomshini ofuthwe uwoyela unezinzuzo ezinkulu ngaphezu kwamanye amakilasi asebenzisa lolu hlobo lomcimbi, owine iTour de France ngumgibeli oyedwa onenani eliphansi kunawo wonke isikhathi sokuphela kwesigaba sama-21, esiphele kwiChamps-Elysees eParis kusukela ngo-1975, iqembu elikhulu labagibeli ohambweni laziwa njenge-peloton thepelotonis inamaqembu angama-22 abashayeli abayisishiyagalombili lilinye, linabashayeli abangu-176 lilinye ekuqaleni.

Iqembu ngalinye liqukethe abagibeli abahamba phambili abakha ukuthi obani abenza izinkanyezi ezihamba phambili zamabhayisikili minyaka yonke. Lawa maqembu angama-22 afaka iqembu ngalinye leTop Tier World Tour kanye namaqembu ambalwa wesigaba sesibili asezwekazini anamakhadi asendle. Amaqembu e-pro-Continental ajwayele ukufuna u-r. ukuba nama-ider futhi athathwa njengamancane, yize amaqembu amakhulu manje esethubeni elihle lokuthi la maqembu, amaqembu ahambele amazwekazi, ethule abaxhasi bawo emjahweni omkhulu wesizini, ukuqhudelana namaqembu ezokuvakasha eBigworld futhi mhlawumbe neqembu Ukuheha abanhloli bamathalente abazobheka ukubasayinela ukuhambela umhlaba ngesizini ezayo, abashayeli abasekondeni lamazwekazi bazobe bephilisa umjaho ngokuhlukana ukuze banikeze abaxhasi babo ukunakwa okukhulu, ngangokunokwenzeka, manje amaqembu azoba imvamisa kugxila kumgibeli oyedwa noma ababili abaqokwe njengamaqembu ahola iqembu bazohlose ukunqoba izigaba ezithile noma umuntu ozongenela ukhetho ngokwezigaba inhloso yakhe ukunqoba iTour de France, jikelele kanye nomholi oqukethe lonke iqembu kusuka Izindlu, okusho ukuthi izisebenzi manje zemizi yokweseka abaholi beqembu labo, ithuba labo lobuholi lokuzidela nokusiza iqembu ukufeza iToredomestiq yabo Abantu bavame ukugibela ekhanda le-t yena iqembu ukunciphisa ijubane.

Ukuhlaselwa kunciphisa umholi emoyeni, empeleni ukonga ngokuphelele amandla omholi okugcina umgwaqo lapho imoto yabo ingeke ifinyelele khona, abanikeze ibhayisikili noma ibhayisikili uqobo ukubabuyisela emgwaqweni ngokushesha okukhulu Ukuletha izinhlanga, ngenkathi isigaba ngasinye sinomphumelele oyedwa kuphela futhi uhambo luwinwa ngumshayeli oyedwa kuphela esewonke lokhu kunqoba kungenxa yokusebenzisana okungenakulinganiswa kwabo bonke abalingani beqembu abayisishiyagalombili ngokulula, akekho ongaphumelela i-tour de france iyodwa akunakwenzeka ukuthi isaga esidala sokubambisana ukwenza iphupho libe yimpumelelo ukuvakasha kuyindlela enhle yemibala eguquguqukayo enqamula eFrance le nhlanganisela yamajezi esentsha enziwe ngamalogo abaxhasi aphilayo amaphethini ajabulisayo ngemibala egqamile impela ukubukeka phakathi kwawo wonke amajezi weqembu ojwayelekile ongawathola manje nokuqonda izembatho zabo Uzothola amajezi amane abaluleke kakhulu agcina kulowo nalowo Ijezi eliphuzi iLe Mayo Jean yijezi elibaluleke kakhulu nelidume kakhulu labagibeli beTour de France ngesikhathi esinqwabelene kakhulu phakathi nalezi zifundo kuze kube manje, ijezi liphuzi, sibonga iphephabhuku laseFrance i-Auto, elikhangise lo mjaho ekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-20, laphrintwa ephepheni eliphuzi elingaqondakali; manje noma ngubani ogqoka leli jezi ekupheleni kwesiteji 21 uzowina iTour de France ngenhlonipho yokuphila kontanga yabo nakubalandeli ngokufanayo nangemali yomklomelo engama-euro ayizi-500,000 ijezi elimhlophe le-Mile Block ijezi elimhlophe lisho umshayeli osemncane umjaho lo ngumshayeli obekwe kahle kunazo zonke ekumeni konke ngaphansi kuka-25 Januwari kuqala onyakeni wokujaha ofanele 'ukugcina ijezi eliphuzi nejezi elimhlophe kulokhu manje ijezi eliphuzi lizobe selibeka eqhulwini abagibeli abasebasha endaweni yesibili ngokuphelele Ukuma kugqoke ijezi elimhlophe ekugcineni kohambo umshayeli osemusha ohamba phambili ugoduka nama-euro ayizinkulungwane ezingama-20 000 Ijezi eliluhlaza elibizwa ngeLumaio ver liyijezi lomgijimi kulo lonke umjaho Amaphuzu anikezwa umshayeli wokuqala ukweqa umugqa wokuqeda usuku ngalunye amaphuzu atholakalayo kuklonyelisiwe Kodwa-ke, kuya ngesigaba sosuku, ngaphezu kwalawa maphuzu, umzila wosuku ngalunye ugcwele lokho okubizwa ngokuthi yi-intermediate sprints eza ngaphambi komugqa wokugcina, ngakho-ke izinhlanga ziyagijima emain okuthakazelisayo. Amaphoyinti okuqalisa wokuqeda ukunikezwa anikezwa imijondolo emaphakathi kanye nejubane lokuqeda kanye nomshayeli onamaphuzu amaningi ekupheleni komjaho egqoke ijezi eliluhlaza manje leli jezi livame ukunqotshwa noma ukugqokwa ngumgijimi oqoqa amaphuzu lapho uwina izigaba futhi njalo ufika kwabangu-15 abahamba phambili, ngezigaba akaphumeleli futhi alwe ezintabeni eziphakeme Kwabathengisi bangakwazi ukuvikela ama-sprints aphakathi nendawo ngisho nasezinsukwini lapho ungakwenzi Inani lejezi eliluhlaza ngama-euro ayizinkulungwane ezingamashumi amabili nanhlanu , ijezi elinamachashazi la moi poirous ngendlela efanayo kubangani bezigaba eziphakathi phezulu endaweni ngayinye yokukhuphuka enkulu yabagibeli abambalwa bokuqala ukufika phezulu, inani lamaphoyinti atholakalayo liyahlukahluka ngokuya ngokwezigaba ukwenyuka, lapho kuba nzima ngokwengeziwe, manje kunikezwa amaphuzu amaningi Umgibeli onamaphuzu amaningi asezintabeni ugqoka ijezi elinamachashazi futhi uthatha ama-euro ayizi-25,000 abuyele nawo ekhaya ekupheleni kohambo. Ake sikhulume ngama-sprintersI -printers imvamisa ihlose ukunqoba iziteji eziyizicaba zokuzivikela emoyeni ngemuva kwabalingani beqembu labo usuku lonke bezama ukuhlala eduze naphezulu kwenkambu ukugwema izinkinga, ukugwema ukuhlukana okubangelwe izingxenye zobuchwepheshe, ukuguqulwa kwenkambo, ukushayeka komoya zonke izinhlobo zezinto ngokwezwi nezwi, kepha lapho bezisola abakaze bathinte umoya futhi bahlala becasha ngaphambili kwe-peloton kumamitha ayikhulu edlule lapho beqhamuka khona ngemuva kozakwabo ababanikeze ukuqala okukhulu kwekhanda ukuphula i-win Sprinters bakhiqiza amandla amaningi noma isikhathi esifushane futhi uyashesha kakhulu Ukuba ngumgijimi kuwumsebenzi oyingqayizivele futhi oyingozi Abashayeli abawina ama-sprints banenkinga yokudlula ezintabeni eziphakemeUvame ukulalela hhayi kusuka kumgijimi osendaweni efanayo Ukuphela kwama-sprinters okuvakasha kuvame ukuba ngamahora ngemuva kwabaphumelele bebonke ekumeni jikelele kungenzeka ukuthi banqobe izigaba eziningana ezigabeni zokuvakasha Izigaba zezintaba ziwinwa yi-climbi emsulwa Ochwepheshe balaba bagibeli benza umsebenzi wokuqwala futhi benza abagibeli abasheshayo imvamisa abagibeli abahlose ukufeza iTour ukuze banqobe konke, kepha kukhona nabakhuphukayo kulo mjaho abangenandaba nejezi eliphuzi. Banomgomo owodwa kuphela, ukufika komhlangano nokunqoba izigaba zezintaba. Manje umgibeli ofuna ukunqoba uhambo lonke kufanele akhuphuke kahle ezintabeni angakwazi futhi abe namandla okudala izikhala ezinkulu kuligi futhi enze izimbangi zilahlekelwe yisikhathi esiningi ukuma jikelele kukwehla okukodwa Isivivinyo sesikhathi ngasinye kubaluleke kakhulu emijahweni yasesiteji imvamisa kuzoba nokushicilelwa okungenani okukodwa kwe-tour de france, kepha kukhona nabanye ababili noma abathathu ngaphezulu kwabaholi beqembu abaDinga ukunqoba konke ukuma kohambo oludingayo ukuze ukwazi ukukhiqiza isivivinyo sesikhathi esihle isilingo sesikhathi esivame ukuhlala phakathi kwemizuzu engama-30 kuya ehoreni futhi abagibeli banethuba lokuwina abancintisana nabo ngemizuzu uma bekulungele ngempela Ukunqoba ngokweqile l Olwa umbango onamakhono okuzama isikhathi uzoba nenzuzo enkulu kunomuntu oqhudelana ne-Agc othembele kuphela ekukhuphukeni ngokushesha ezintabeni ukuthola isikhathi manje ngaphezu kwesikhathi sesivivinyo sokunikeza amabhonasi esikhathi sansuku zonke kubagibeli abathathu bokuqala ukweqa umugqa wokuqeda thatha imizuzwana eyisithupha noma emine endaweni yokuqala, yesibili neyesithathu ye-ladiesla tour de franceam ngokulandelayo kuza i-pelotone yabesifazane uhambo olude lwamaviki amathathu lwenzeka e-girorosa, umjaho wezinsuku eziyishumi ojwayele ukuqala ngoJulayi futhi nawo uyenzeka , inkampani ehlela indawo yokuvakashela izivakashi ihlela inkambo yomjaho wosuku olulodwa womuntu wesifazane obanjelwe emzileni ofanayo nesigaba somjaho wabesilisa iminyaka eminingana.

Lokhu bekuyinkambo eyisicaba ezungeze i-champs-elyseesin paris ebivame ukunqunywa yiqembu elikhulu labagijimi abacabanga ukuthi sonke siyavumelana ukuthi i-women-la tour de france yangempela ingashintsha ubuso babesifazane ngebhayisikili unomphela futhi ibizoba yisinyathelo esikhulu ezemidlalo ezilinganayo ngempela futhi ngokwami ​​ngiyazi ukuthi kungaba yinto engakholakali ukukwazi ukubona lokhu bese ngiphila kulungile nginephutha lokuthi ngikubona kanjani lokhu - indawo esiyithandayo yokuvakashela izivakashi nakanjani i-gcn racing pass kodwa mhlawumbe sithambekele kancane kepha ngaphandle kohambo sinezinye izinhlanga eziningi unyaka wonke kepha i-gcn yintsha? I-Race Pass inakho konke ongakufuna, inezinhlobo zonke zezici ezinjengamaphrofayli esiteji, uhlu lokuqala, amaphuzu avelele nsuku zonke ngemuva kokuhlaziywa komjaho nezinye izinto eziningi ezinhle, inakho konke okudingayo, noma ngabe ungumbukeli osenesikhathi noma umjaho wamabhayisikili okokuqala ngqa oshisekayo ngakho-ke yi-tour de francethe enkulu ekhombisa umcimbi omkhulu ngokoqobo umcimbi omkhulu wonyaka emhlabeni wamabhayisikili ukuvakasha kuyisiqalo esihle uma ungakaze ubone imijaho yamabhayisikili ngaphambili uma uthanda le ndatshana, siphe umoya futhi uma wazi othile okumanje uhamba ngebhayisikili futhi angahle afune ukwazi ngemijaho yamabhayisikili nohambo. Bathumelele le ndatshana ukuze ubathokozise, ​​ngiyabonga ngokubuka kwakho sizokubona ngokuzayo

ibhayisikili lomgwaqo we-ironman

Lithini ijezi eliluhlaza ngokuhamba ngebhayisikili?

Idalwe ngo-1953 ngesikhathi seminyaka engu-50 kwasungulwa iTour de France, i-ijezi eliluhlaza, exhaswa yiSkoda, iklomelisa umgibeli ohola ukuhlukaniswa kwamaphoyinti usuku nosuku. Amaphuzu anikezwa ekuqedeni kwesiteji nasezikhungweni eziphakathi nendawo ezigabeni zomugqa.

Kunamajezi amaningi ahlukahlukene emhlabeni wamabhayisikili, kepha ungawabiza wonke? Uyazi ukuthi ningamajini ami u-Amalia Rosa? Kulesi sihloko ngizokuhambisa phakathi kwamajezi adume kakhulu emhlabeni wokuhamba ngebhayisikili, ameleni futhi kuphi? Baqhamuka ku-Ake siqale ngejezi elidume kakhulu lamabhayisikili Ngisho nabangagibeli amabhayisikili bazokwazi ukuthi umholi weTour deFrance uzoligqoka ijezi eliphuzi Leli yijezi ochwepheshe abaphupha ngalo futhi banikele ngempilo yabo yonke kwiTour de France Leading Jersey futhi njengenjwayelo, imijaho eminingi emikhulu izobe isizuziwe, njengezinye izigaba eziningi zamajezi. Lokho kwakungo-1919, lapho iTour deFrance, ngemuva kwekhefu leminyaka emine elihlobene nempi, igubha ukubuya kwayo kwezintathu ezingxenyeni zamakhilomitha angama-5560 kanye nesiteji esingamakhilomitha angama-325, umqondisi womjaho u-Onritu Court wanquma ukuthi umholi we umjaho kwakufanele ugqame kwabanye ababencintisana nabo ngakho ngaphambi kokuba laba ababili baqale isiteji ngoJulayi 18, 1919 o cean Christophe waseFrance wagqoka ijezi eliphuzi okokuqala ngqa, kodwa ngaleso sikhathi kwakuyindlela eyodwa kuphela yokumaka umqondisi womjaho, kepha lo mzuzu kuvele ukuthi ungomunye wamajezi odume kakhulu ngamabhayisikili, kodwa kungani umbala ophuzi wakhethwa ngoba kwakuwumbala osekela iphephandaba ukugcina lezi zinsuku akulona nje ijezi la maqembu aphuzi bazoba nezigqoko zokuvikela ibhayisikili eliphuzi nezesekeli zebhayisikili lapho omunye wabagibeli wabo egqoka ijezi eliphuzi egqoka, ingane ekhonjwayo elandelayo yeJersey Insight futhi ngokombono wami ebanda kunazo zonke ijezi le-polkadot, elaziwa nangokuthi yiNkosi yezintaba iJersey njalo lapho kukhuphuka khona okuphawulekayo yalolu hambo lunamaphuzu esiqongweni, kepha uma kukhuphuka ngamandla, kunikezwa amaphuzu amaningi, lapho amaphuzu amaningi kakhulu ekuqaleni kosuku ngalunye entathakusa ijezi elinamachashazi ukuhlukaniswa kwentaba okukhona kusukela ngo-1933, kodwa lapho kwakukhona alikho ijezi Kuze kwaba ngo-1975 lapho ijezi elimhlophe elinama-polkadots abomvu lanikezwa khona kodwa kungani amachashazi e-polka engahlangene no-van teenswell kwakungenxa yomunye wabaxhasi be-chocolate pool futhi wayemboza imigoqo yoshokholethi ngama-polkadots bese ijezi le-polka dot lalandela Leli nani elincane eliluhlaza ijezi eliluhlaza okwaziwa nangokuthi iMein Over ngo-1952 Tour deFrance, ikhophi elisheshayo elashaywa yi-margin enkulu kangaka selimile, ngakho-ke ezinye izikhuthazo ezengeziwe, abahleli bazethule ijezi eliluhlaza Ijezi le-sprint elifana nomgibeli wejezi le-polkadot liqoqa imidwebo emzileni, kepha hhayi ezintabeni ngalesi sikhathi ngesikhathi samanzi aphakathi nendawo, kepha kunikezwe amaphuzu ekugcineni, ngakho-ke abagqugquzeli banqume ukugubha iminyaka engama-50 ngo-1953 nejezi eliluhlaza elihlanganisiwe nombala, kungenzeka ukuthi kwakungomunye wabaxhasi abavamile balolu hambo obizwa nge-Sardinia Ijezi elimhlophe, elaziwa nangokuthi i-MayanBlanc, empeleni liyijezi eliphuzi kodwa kubagibeli abasebasha lokhu ijezi labaphezulu liphezulu ngaphansi kwamasentimitha angama-25 ukuhlukaniswa okujwayelekile Kwakungu-1975 ngenkathi ijezi lisetshenziswa okokuqala kodwa lalingelabagibeli kuphela kule minyaka emithathu yokuqala emjahweni osezingeni eliphezulu, kwathi ngo-1983 laguqulwa laba ngabashayeli bokuqala bekulungele, kwathi ngo-1985 laklonyeliswa ijezi laguqulwa laba ngabashayeli abangaphansi kwama-25 kusukela ngo-1989 kuya ku-1999, kodwa ngonyaka ka-2000 labuya futhi selilokhu likhona selokhu ijezi elihamba phambili le-pink Giro themaglia Lokhu ngokufanayo kufana nejezi eliphuzi phezulu, kodwa kupinki futhi umbala obomvana uqhamuka ephephandabeni lezemidlalo lase-Italy, elixhase umjaho futhi lanyatheliswa ephepheni elibomvana ngokungafani nelinye ijezi ekujabuleleni ijezi elipinki aliguquki selokhu umklomelo wokuqala eGiro ijezi elibubende liyijezi lomjaho ophindayo futhi elifana nejezi eliluhlaza eTour de France kodwa linombala onsomi Ngo-1967 ijezi le-sprint lanezelwa emuva ngaleso sikhathi laliyijezi elibomvu kwathi ngo-1969 abahleli banquma ukudaya ijezi ngokunsomi futhi kwaba nsomi kwaze kwafika u-2010 lapho abagqugquzeli bethatha isinqumo sokulishintsha balibuyisele kujezi elibomvu kodwa ngo-2017 balishintsha kodwa futhi nge-lilajesse Ijezi eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, elaziwa nangokuthi uphawu lweLea Asura, yilona elihamba phambili ijezi, elifana kodwa elihlukile kwijezi lePolkaDot elisetshenziswa eTour de France.Leli ijezi elisentabeni leGiro ngo-1974, ijezi laba yiNdondo yokuqala ukunikezwa kanye futhi emuva kwalokho kwaba luhlaza kwaze kwaba ngu-2012 lapho ijezi lixhasa iBangkamedal I-Alaun, ibhange lase-Italy, ivuselele uxhaso lwaphinde lwajika lwaba luhlaza okwesibhakabhaka futhi de kwakungeyona njalo, lapho umjaho uqala ngo-1931 wawulolintshi kwathi ngo-1941 washintshelwa emhlophe unyaka wonke ngabuyela ku iwolintshi ngo-1955, th en ishintshele kophuzi, umbala ofanayo nowe-tour de France futhi yahlala iphuzi ngaso sonke isikhathi kwaze kwaba ngo-1999 ngaphandle kokunye ngo-1977 lapho ishintshela ku-orange, ijezi elibomvu lamukelwa ngo-2010, ijezi lothingo ijezi elikhethekile ngendlela emangalisayo umhlaba wamabhayisikili futhi abaningi abashayeli bamabhayisikili abangochwepheshe abaphupha ngeJewini Yokuwina onikezwe umgibeli onqoba imijaho yobungcweti bomhlaba emikhakheni eminingi yamabhayisikili ngokungafani nelinye ijezi eligqokwa phakathi nomjaho, ijezi lothingo ligqokwa unyaka wonke futhi lizoba nalo abawinile umjaho kuze kube wumqhudelwano olandelayo futhi ubuyise ithuba lokuthi ugqoke amaribhoni wothingo ejezi lakho kungaba kukhola noma emkhonweni.

Ngo-1927 ijezi lothingo lwethulwa njengejezi lika-T elimhlophe kakhulu elizalwe nokuvinjelwa kwe-UCI kusuka ezansi kuya phezulu, kepha imibala iluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ophuzi nomnyama obomvu oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka le mibala nayo iyavela kumasongo ama-Olimpiki Izimfihlakalo eziningi zizungeze umsuka wejezi lothingo, kodwa imibala yasekuqaleni yaklanywa ngumsunguli wenhlangano yama-Olimpiki uBaron Pierre de Coubertin Kulungile, leli akulona ijezi, le yingxenye ebaluleke kakhulu yeTour de France manje lena umklomelo ongekho emthethweni onikezwe umgibeli wokugcina obekiwe. Sekukonke, leli gama livela elangeni elibomvu elalilengiswe ngemuva kwezinqola ezazizobhekwa nguphawuda ukuthi ngabe azikho yini ezinye izitimela ezinqanyuliwe. Sithemba ukuthi ukujabulele ukuqoqwa kwamajezi adume kakhulu emhlabeni wokuhamba ngebhayisikili, kodwa yiliphi ijezi lakho olithandayo? Kungani ungayi kuhlelo lokusebenza lwe-gcn uyosho ukuthi yiliphi ijezi elihle kakhulu lokuhamba ngebhayisikili futhi kungani futhi kulapho amachashazi e-polka aqhamuka khona hmm hmm kwakungu-1975 lapho ijezi lalisetshenziswa okokuqala kodwa lalingelabagibeli kuphela iminyaka emithathu yokuqala umjaho wobuchwepheshe, bese kuba ngu-1973, 1983

Yini eyenza iTour de France ihluke?

I-Ukuvakashaisebenza unyaka nonyaka kusukela ngo-1903 ngaphandle kwamakhefu amabili amafushane phakathi neMpi Yezwe. Njengoba ukuthandwa kwayo sekukhule, nokuqina kwayo kuye kwanda: eyokuqalaUkuvakashaihlanganise ibanga eliphelele elihehayokaAma-2428 km ngaphezu kwezigaba eziyisithupha kuphela, kanti ama-Tours anamuhla ahlanganisa ibangakaazungeze ama-3,500 km ngaphezulu kwengqikithikaIzigaba 21.

Ingabe abantu babukela iTour de France?

Ngaphezu kwamazwe ayi-188 emhlabeniukusakazaiI-Tour de Francenangaphezulu kwezigidigidi ezi-3.5abantu bayabukanjalo ngonyaka, ngakho-ke ngeke kube nzima ukuthola isiteshi. Cishe uzokwazibukelakuziteshi zezemidlalo ikhebula lakho eliphethe.

Kungani i-RCB igqoke okuluhlaza okotshani?

I-RCB, ngoMgqibelo bathathe isibambo sabo esisemthethweni seTwitter, ukumemezela ukuthi abadlali babo bazobaegqoke okuluhlaza okotshaniamajezi alwa nalawo avamile abomvu nalagolide ngokuthayi ozayo ukuze kusatshalaliswe ukuqwashiswa ngokugcina iplanethi ihlanzekile futhi iphilile.Okthoba 25 2020

red red rampage ukusakaza bukhoma

Lithini ijezi elimhlophe ngebhayisikili?

I-ijezi elimhlophe, noma i-maillot blanc, iya kumholi Wokuhlukaniswa Okujwayelekile oneminyaka engama-25 noma ngaphansi (ngoJanuwari 1 ngonyaka wokuncintisana onikiwe). Kalula nje, iya kumgibeli osemusha osemncane onesikhathi esiphansi kunazo zonke. Kwabasebasha, abathanda izikhundla bonke emjahweni, ngokuwina i-ijezi elimhlophekufana nokuwina okuphuzi.Juni 21. 2021 g.

Ngabe abagibeli bamabhayisikili baseTour de France bayawulalela umculo?

Abahamba ngamabhayisikilisebenzisaumculongezinhloso ezahlukahlukene kepha kufayela le-Abagibeli beTour de Francekuthandalalelakuyo ekudlulisweni okude, lapho ufudumala ngaphambi kwezigaba futhi ngenkathi upholile ngemuva.Jul 18 2016 g.

Uyini umlenze omfushane weTour de France?

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